How to identify poisonous mushrooms?

How to identify poisonous mushrooms?


'So many people died, so many sick after eating wild mushrooms.' Especially during the rainy season, such news headlines come a lot. Every year 40 to 50 people die prematurely by eating wild poisonous mushrooms. Whether it is compulsion or recklessness, the trend of picking mushrooms and giving up eating them is increasing rather than decreasing, despite hearing the news that people have died after eating wild mushrooms in the neighborhood, village after village, or in their own district or district.



A well-educated person should not eat mushrooms that he does not know. Don't eat them. Say, 'Dry your bookish knowledge in the sun, have you become old by eating mushrooms?' This writer himself has heard this answer many times. It has been almost two months since he started walking around Salyan-Dang, raising awareness about poisonous mushrooms. In the meantime, it is surprising to see the persistence of wild mushroom eaters.





So much so that today someone died after eating mushrooms in the house of Vallo, the next morning the people of the house of Vallo went out to look for mushrooms. In some places there is also a compulsion, saying that it is better to die by eating than by not being able to eat. In any case, looking at the events and listening to them, it seems that life is taken as a hall. Somewhere, even the mother of a 10-month-old baby was killed by wild poisonous mushrooms. Didn't he commit an unforgivable crime or sin for the milk child even when he went?


However, mushrooms contain proteins, vitamins and various minerals and are also tasty when eaten. But some mushrooms prove to be enemies. Out of nearly 1300 species of mushrooms discovered in Nepal so far, 100 species are poisonous. Those 100 and 1200 other mushrooms are not able to distinguish, people become victims of premature death.



How to identify poisonous mushrooms?


It is not possible to distinguish whether a mushroom is poisonous or not just by looking at the outer covering. However, if there is an unpleasant smell from a mushroom growing in the forest and the amount of fungus in it is high, then that mushroom can be poisonous. Even if the mushroom has a bitter smell and is colorful, it can be poisonous.


Similarly, when a mushroom is broken, milk or juice comes out of it, and when touched by hand, its color changes (very blue, according to the locals), but such mushrooms are considered to be poisonous. Many poisonous mushrooms look attractive and clean at first glance. Generally edible mushrooms have a short shelf life and wilt within a few days. Poisonous mushrooms can remain the same for several days.


Eating some poisonous mushrooms can kill people immediately, so don't eat wild mushrooms. After eating some mushrooms for a long time, the body starts to feel the effects. Mushrooms especially affect the liver and by reaching the bile, it creates new substances and it also weakens the ability of the kidneys to work. As a result, people can die due to liver and kidney failure.


The effect of poisonous mushrooms is more on children and the elderly. Different mushrooms should not be cooked together. And, it is considered good not to eat fish and meat while eating mushrooms. Another thing is that even edible mushrooms can be poisonous if they are not stored properly. Some poisonous mushrooms show effects within 8 to 24 hours after being eaten.


There are many misconceptions about poisonous mushrooms in the society, so they should be avoided. The most common saying in the society is, 'To identify wild mushrooms, look for silver dipped in a cooked pot.' But since all poisonous mushrooms do not turn silver black, that method cannot be considered reliable. Silver only detects one of the many toxins in mushrooms, while mushrooms contain many toxins.


In the same way, eating mushrooms without fearing that ash, sisnu and timur kill poison can be another foolishness. Similarly, in other illusions, poisonous mushrooms become red when boiled with rice, poisonous mushrooms disappear when cooked, pickles are made, poisonous mushrooms have beaks, edible mushrooms are flat, etc. The poisonous substance of any mushroom is destroyed by cooking, but none is. White milk mushrooms are often poisonous. In this matter, the advice of people who know mushrooms should be followed. One should not become a listener who knows by himself.


Symptoms of eating poisonous mushrooms

Various symptoms appear in the body after eating poisonous mushrooms. For example, tears coming from the eyes, saliva coming out of the mouth, swelling of the tongue, swelling of the tongue, trying to vomit or vomiting, diarrhea, soreness and swelling in the throat, scanty and dark urine, fainting.


Therefore, as soon as a problem occurs after eating poisonous mushrooms, you should take them to the hospital. If possible, the best option is to induce vomiting as soon as you know that you have eaten poisonous wild mushrooms and take the patient to a health center as soon as possible. Don't eat mushrooms that you don't know better than that.



For this, it is necessary for the government (botanical department and other relevant agencies) to conduct further research on this issue and spread awareness among citizens through mass media. Along with the training given by various agencies about the commercial cultivation of mushrooms, it is very important to explain about the toxicity of mushrooms. Everyone should think about this early and reduce the death and illness rate due to the consumption of poisonous mushrooms. Let's never do something that will harm even our own family by taking our lives recklessly, as if we were to hurt a living person. It is too late to convey this message to the villages.


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